Fish Species

Red Grouper

Red Grouper


■Color brownish red
■Lining of mouth scarlet-orange
■Blotches on sides in unorganized pattern
■Second spine of dorsal fin longer than others
■Pectoral fins longer than pelvic fins; squared off tail
■Margin of soft dorsal black with white at midfin
■Black dots around the eyes

Red grouper are a bottom dwelling fish associated with hard bottoms. Juveniles are found offshore along with adults greater than 6 years old. Fish from 1 to 6 years occupy nearshore reefs.

This fish spawns in April and May. Red grouper prefer water temperatures between 66 and 77 degrees F. Like many other grouper, red grouper undergo a sex reversal; young individual females becoming males as they age. Red grouper have a lifespan of at least 25 years. They feeds on squid, crustaceans, and fish.

State Record:
42 lb 4 oz, caught near St. Augustine Inlet

Fishing Tips and Facts:

Additional Information:
Similar Fish: Nassau grouper, E. striatus.

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